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关于雨洪资源利用的讨论和再认识
胡庆芳
南京水利科学研究院
摘要:
雨水和洪水是宝贵的自然资源,雨洪资源利用是具有悠久历史的重要水资源开发利用方式。近年雨洪资源利用的实用性获得技术蓬勃发展,但对其基本概念尚存在明显认识误区,若干不规范术语的大量使用给研究和实践带来了混乱。鉴于此,本文从有关历史和现实情况出发,根据水文学基本理论,对雨洪资源利用进行了再认识,明确了雨水、洪水的自然资源和水资源属性,阐明了雨水资源利用和洪水资源利用的基本内涵和定义,辨析了雨水资源利用和洪水资源利用之间的关系,并澄清了“雨水资源化”、“洪水资源化”等术语的规范性。本文的思考和认识有助于夯实雨洪资源安全高效利用的理论基础,为科学开展雨洪资源利用评价和规划创造了条件。
关键词:  雨洪资源  雨洪资源利用  雨水资源利用  洪水资源利用  雨水资源化  洪水资源化  雨洪资源化
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基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0400900)
Discussion and reunderstanding on rain and flood resources utilization
huqingfang
Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute
Abstract:
Rain and flood are valuable natural resources. Rain and flood resources utilization both have a long history and are vital water resources utilization ways. In recent years, practical technologies of rain and flood resources utilization have advanced greatly, but there are still remarkable misunderstandings on its basic conceptions. Extensive use of some nonstandard terms brought confusion to research and practice in rain and flood resources utilization. Therefore, in light of the relevant history and reality and according to the basic theory of hydrology, a discussion on rain and flood resources utilization is drawn and reunderstandings were obtained in this paper. The natural resources and water resources properties of rain and flood were clarified. Then, the basic connotation and definition of rain and flood resources utilization were summarized. Also, the relationship between rain resources utilization and flood resources utilization was analyzed. In addition, the normalization of some technical terms including so called rainwater reuse and flood reuse were clarified. This paper is helpful to eliminate the misunderstandings about rain and flood resources utilization and consolidate the theoretical basis of the safe and efficient utilization of rain and flood resources. These fruits create good prerequirements for the scientific evaluation and planning of rain and flood resources utilization.
Key words:  rain and flood resources  rain and flood resources utilization  rain resources utilization  flood resources utilization  rain reuse  flood reuse  rain and flood reuse
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