引用本文:刘清君,张晋勋,孙天霆,徐华,王登婷,李秦.岛礁地形抛石护岸稳定性试验研究[J].水利水运工程学报,2019,(5):69-75
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 938次   下载 406 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
岛礁地形抛石护岸稳定性试验研究
刘清君1,2, 张晋勋3, 孙天霆4, 徐华4, 王登婷4, 李秦3
1.南京水利科学研究院港口航道泥沙工程交通行业重点实验室,江苏南京;2.河海大学港口海岸及近海工程学院,江苏南京;3.北京城建集团有限责任公司,北京;4.南京水利科学研究院 港口航道泥沙工程交通行业重点实验室,江苏南京
摘要:
岛礁地形是一种特殊的海岸形式,国内外学者对波浪在岛礁地形上的传播变形研究较多,但对于岛礁地形上的护岸工程研究较少,缺乏对关键设计参数的研究。以马尔代夫机场岛护岸工程为例,通过比例尺为1∶10的波浪水槽物理模型试验,分析研究了3种不同岸坡宽度、4种不同水深和波浪组合工况下的护面块石稳定性。结果表明,前沿岸坡宽度,即护岸坡脚至礁缘之间的距离是影响抛石护岸稳定性的重要因素。在同样水深、波况及护岸块石质量条件下,护面块石的失稳率随岸坡宽度的增加而减小。进一步分析发现,为保障护岸安全,抛石护岸外坡坡脚宜布置于波浪破碎点之后,且与破碎点之间距离不应小于浅水波长的26%,即0.26Tghe。
关键词:  岛礁  抛石护岸  稳定性  岸坡宽度  模型试验
DOI:10.12170/201905009
分类号:TV139.2+5
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2018YFC0407503);国家自然科学基金面上项目(51579156);南京水利科学研究院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金重大项目(Y218006);南京水利科学研究院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金重点项目(Y218005)
Experimental studies on stability of riprap revetment on fringing reefs
LIU Qingjun1,2, ZHANG Jinxun3, SUN Tianting4, XU Hua4, WANG Dengting4, LI Qin3
1.Key Laboratory of Port, Waterway & Sedimentation Engineering of MOT, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing;2.College of Harbour, Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing;3.Beijing Urban Construction Group Co., Ltd., Beijing;4.Key Laboratory of Port, Waterway & Sedimentation Engineering of MOT, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjin
Abstract:
The fringing reef is a special coastal topography. Many scholars at home and abroad have studied the propagation and deformation of waves on the fringing reefs, but few have studied the revetment engineering on the fringing reefs, hence lack of understanding of the key design parameters. For this reason, taking the revetment project of the Maldives Airport island as an example, some analyses and studies of the stability of the armor blocks under the conditions of three different bank widths, four different water depths and wave combinations are carried out through the physical model test in a 1∶10 scale wave flume. The test results show that the bank width, that is, the distance between the toe of the riprap revetment slope and the reef edge, is an important factor affecting the stability of the riprap revetment. Under the same water depth, wave condition and weight of the revetment blocks, the instability rate of the revetment blocks decreases with the increase of the width of the bank slope. Further analysis of the test results shows that in order to ensure the safety of revetment, the toe of slope outside the riprap revetment should be placed behind the breaking point of wave, and the distance between the toe of the slope and the breaking point is recommended not to be less than 0.26 times the shallow water wave length of reef flat Tghe. This key design parameter has important guiding significance for the design of similar bank protection works in the future.
Key words:  fringing reef  riprap revetment  stability  bank slope width  model test
手机扫一扫看