引用本文:马斌,郭乙良.水工闸门振动研究现状及发展趋势[J].水利水运工程学报,2019,(2):55-64
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水工闸门振动研究现状及发展趋势
马斌, 郭乙良
天津大学 水利工程仿真与安全国家重点实验室,天津
摘要:
随着我国高坝大库的建设,闸门结构的设计安装要求不断提高。闸门振动往往会影响大坝的正常运行,而闸门振动是一个复杂的结构性问题,研究难度较大。为解决振动问题,需清楚闸门振动的诱因并采取相应措施。基于现有的理论方法和成果,从振动现象、闸门振动等级标准、研究方法、闸门振动诱因分析及结构优化措施、弧形闸门动力稳定研究、振动的主动控制方法等多方面出发,详细介绍了闸门振动问题的研究进展,并提出了闸门振动急需解决的问题和未来6个研究方向,为闸门振动问题的研究提供一定参考。
关键词:  闸门振动  研究方法  闸门振动诱因  振动控制
DOI:10.12170/201902008
分类号:TV663
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFC0401705);国家自然科学基金面上项目(51779167,51779166);国家自然科学基金创新研究群体科学基金(51621092)
Current research status and development trend of hydraulic gate vibration
MA Bin, GUO Yiliang
State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, Tianjin University, Tianjin
Abstract:
In recent years, with the rapid development of water conservancy and hydropower, many hydropower engineering projects having high dams and large reservoirs have been built or are currently under construction. In the meantime, the design and installation requirements of the hydraulic gate structure are constantly improving. In order to solve the frequent vibration problems of the hydraulic gates in engineering practice, a lot of research and analysis have been carried out by relevant scholars. The hydraulic gate vibration seriously affects the normal operation of the dam, and even threatens the development of the national economy and the safety of people’s lives and property. Therefore, it is necessary to find out the causes of the hydraulic gate vibration and take corresponding measures to avoid the adverse vibration. Based on the current theoretical methods and findings, the research progress of the hydraulic gate vibration is introduced in detail in this paper from the aspects of vibration phenomena, gate vibration grade standards, research methods, analysis of gate vibration inducement and corresponding gate structure optimization measures, dynamic stability of radial gate and active vibration control methods. And problems that need to be solved urgently and six research directions in the future are put forward, which can provide technical support and reference for further research on the hydraulic gate vibration.
Key words:  gate vibration  research methods  vibration source analysis  vibration control
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