引用本文:程永舟,吕行,王文森,黄筱云,夏波.波流作用下淹没圆柱局部冲深影响因素分析[J].水利水运工程学报,2019,(6):69-76
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波流作用下淹没圆柱局部冲深影响因素分析
程永舟1,2, 吕行1, 王文森1, 黄筱云1,2, 夏波1,2
1.长沙理工大学水利工程学院,湖南长沙;2.水沙科学与水灾害防治湖南省重点实验室,湖南长沙
摘要:
淹没圆柱在海洋工程中运用广泛,局部冲刷对此类建筑物的安全有较大影响。为掌握该类型建筑物在波流作用下的冲刷特性,在波流水槽内开展了一系列试验研究。试验将圆柱模型安装在波流水槽中部的沙槽内,沙槽内铺设中值粒径0.22 mm的无黏性沙,形成平底海床。试验中圆柱处于淹没情况,改变入射波流条件,观测多种波流作用下,不同高度淹没圆柱周围的局部冲刷深度发展过程,分析了多种无量纲参数对局部冲刷深度的影响。结果表明:当KC数不变时,冲刷深度s/D随着相对流速Ucw和Fr的增大而增大,当Fr增大到一定程度时(Fr>0.80),冲刷深度s/D趋于稳定;Ucw在固定范围内时,冲刷深度s/D随KC数的增加而增加,增长速率逐渐变慢;引入淹没因子Ks,得到了淹没圆柱与非淹没圆柱的冲刷深度计算关系式。
关键词:  淹没圆柱  波流共同作用  冲刷深度  局部冲刷
DOI:
分类号:TV148
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(51679015);湖南交通科技项目(201822)
Research on the influencing factors of scour depth around submerged cylinder under combined action of wave and current
CHENG Yongzhou1,2, LÜ Xing1, WANG Wensen1, HUANG Xiaoyun1,2, XIA Bo1,2
1.School of Hydraulic Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha;2.Key Laboratory of Water-Sediment Sciences and Water Disaster Prevention of Hunan Province, Changsha
Abstract:
Submerged cylinders are widely used in marine construction. Local scour has a great impact on the safety and stability of such buildings. In order to understand the scour characteristics of this type of building under wave and current, a series of scour experiments were carried out in the wave-current flume. The model was installed in a flat sand box in the middle of the wave-current flume, of which the surroundings were covered with non-cohesive sand of median diameter 0.22 mm. The water level is always set as submergence situation. The condition of incident wave and current was changed to observe the local scour development process around the submerged cylinder with various heights. The local scour depth was measured and recorded. A variety of dimensionless parameters were applied to analyze the data and assess their influence on the scour. The result shows that when KC number is fixed, the relative scour depth s/D increases with the relative flow velocity Ucw and Fr. When Fr increases to a certain extent (Fr>0.80), s/D tends to be stable; when Ucw is in a fixed range, depth s/D increases with KC number, and the growth rate gradually becomes slower. The submergence factor Ks gives the relationship between the scour depth of the submerged cylinder and that of the non-submerged one.
Key words:  submerged cylinder  combined action of wave and current  scour depth  local scour
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