引用本文:左其亭,韩春辉,马军霞.水资源空间均衡理论应用规则和量化方法[J].水利水运工程学报,2019,(6):50-58
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水资源空间均衡理论应用规则和量化方法
左其亭,韩春辉,马军霞
1.郑州大学水利科学与工程学院,河南郑州;2.郑州市水资源与水环境重点实验室, 河南郑州
摘要:
空间均衡是新时期水利发展的重要导向,是水利工作开展所需要遵循的基本要求。如何实现水资源空间均衡管控是水利发展的重要内容和挑战。在前期水资源空间均衡理论方法及应用框架研究的基础上,阐述了水资源空间均衡的理论需求及基本原理,以回答“为什么要实施水资源空间均衡?”;介绍了水资源空间均衡的理论体系框架与主要内容,以回答“水资源空间均衡理论是什么?”;提出了水资源空间均衡理论的应用规则和量化方法,以回答“水资源空间均衡理论如何应用?”。其应用规则包括遵循三大规律、符合三条原则、承担四项任务、具备三大功能,是正确应用水资源空间均衡理论的守则。其量化方法包括水资源空间均衡判别准则量化、水资源空间均衡度计算、水资源空间均衡优化模型、水资源空间均衡规划方法、水资源空间均衡预警评价与综合调控。研究认为,水资源空间均衡理论是指导区域或流域水利乃至综合空间均衡发展的一个重要支撑,为完善水资源空间均衡理论、落实空间均衡管控提供了解决途径和具体方法。
关键词:  水资源空间均衡  理论体系  应用规则  量化方法  空间均衡
DOI:
分类号:TV213
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51779230,U1803241)
Application rules and quantification methods of water resources spatial equilibrium theory
ZUO Qiting1,2, HAN Chunhui3, MA Junxia3
1.School of Water Conservancy Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou;2.Zhengzhou Key Laboratory of Water Resource and Environment, Zhengzhou;3.School of Water Conservancy Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou
Abstract:
Spatial equilibrium is an important guide for water conservancy development in the new era, and it is the basic requirement for water conservancy work to be carried out. How to realize spatial equilibrium control of water resources is an important content and challenge of water conservancy development. Based on the author′s previous research on the theoretical method and applied research framework of water resource spatial equilibrium, this paper expounds the theoretical requirements and basic principles of water resources spatial equilibrium to answer “Why should we implement spatial equilibrium of water resources?”; the theoretical framework and main content of water resources spatial equilibrium are introduced to answer “What is the theory of water resources spatial equilibrium?”; the application rules and quantification methods of the spatial equilibrium theory of water resources are put forward to answer “How to apply the theory of water resources spatial equilibrium?” The application rules include following three major rules, conforming to three principles, undertaking four tasks, and having three functions, which are the criterion for correctly applying the theory of spatial balance of water resources. The quantitative methods include quantification of spatial equilibrium criteria for water resources, calculation of spatial equilibrium degree of water resources, spatial equilibrium optimization model for water resources, spatial equilibrium planning for water resources, and early warning assessment and comprehensive regulation of water resources spatial equilibrium. It is believed that the theory of spatial equilibrium of water resources is an important support for guiding regional and basin water conservancy and even for integrated spatial equilibrium development. The study provides solutions and specific methods for perfecting the theory of water resources spatial equilibrium and implementing spatial equilibrium control.
Key words:  spatial equilibrium of water resources  theoretical system  application rules  quantitative methods  spatial equilibrium
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