引用本文:王士军,谷艳昌,葛从兵.大坝安全监测系统评价体系[J].水利水运工程学报,2019,(4):63-67
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大坝安全监测系统评价体系
王士军1,2, 谷艳昌1,2, 葛从兵1,2
1.南京水利科学研究院,江苏南京;2.水利部大坝安全管理中心,江苏南京
摘要:
在梳理国内外大坝安全监测相关规范及实践经验基础上,研究提出大坝安全监测系统评价总体框架安全监测设施可靠性及完备性、监测系统运行维护和自动化系统评价要素及评价方法等。大坝安全监测系统评价内容包括监测设施完备性评价、监测设施运行维护评价和自动化系统评价。监测设施完备性评价基于监测设施考证资料、现场检查与测试以及历史测值分析等方法,评价为可靠或基本可靠的监测设施是否满足大坝安全监控要求;监测设施运行维护评价包括运行管理保障、观测与维护以及资料整编分析等;监测自动化系统评价内容包括数据采集装置、计算机及通信设施、信息采集与管理软件、运行条件和运行维护等方面。监测系统综合评价分为正常、基本正常和不正常3个等级。评价为正常,应继续运行;评价为基本正常,可继续运行,但应及时修复完善;评价为不正常,需及时更新改造。
关键词:  监测系统  评价框架  监测设施完备性  运行维护有效性  自动化系统可靠性
DOI:
分类号:TV698.1
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFC0401608);水利部公益性行业科研专项(201501033);江苏水利科技项目(2015010);南京水利科学研究院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项基金项目(Y717002,Y717007,Y717012,Y718008)
Technical framework for dam safety monitoring system evaluation
WANG Shijun1,2, GU Yanchang1,2, GE Congbing1,2
1.Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute,Nanjing;2.Dam Safety Management Center of the Ministry of Water Resources, Nanjing
Abstract:
On the basis of reviewing the relevant technical specifications and practical experiences on dam safety monitoring at home and abroad, the overall evaluation framework of dam safety monitoring system is put forward in this paper. The evaluation elements and methods of the reliability and completeness of the dam safety monitoring facilities, the operation and maintenance of the monitoring system and the automation system are carried out. The evaluation of the dam safety monitoring system includes the evaluation of the completeness of the safety monitoring facilities, the evaluation of the operation and maintenance of the monitoring facilities and the evaluation of the automation system. Based on the verification data of the monitoring facilities, on-site detection and testing, and historical measurement analysis, the monitoring facilities are evaluated whether it is meet the requirements of the dam safety monitoring. The evaluation of operation and maintenance of the monitoring facilities includes operation management guarantee condition, observation and maintenance, data compilation and analysis, etc. The evaluation content of the monitoring automation system includes data acquisition device, computor and communication equipment, information acquisition and management software, operation conditions and operation maintenance, etc. The comprehensive evaluation of the monitoring system can be divided into three levels: normal, basically normal and abnormal. If the evaluation of the monitoring system is normal, it should continue to operate; if the monitoring system is evaluated as basically normal, it can continue to operate, but it should be repaired and perfected in time; if the evaluation of the monitoring system is abnormal, it needs to be updated and reformed in time.
Key words:  monitoring system  appraisal framework  completeness of monitoring facilities  effectiveness of operation and maintenance  reliability of automation system
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