引用本文:刘涛,彭东方,刘均卫.长江干线宜昌至武汉段航运发展对策分析[J].水利水运工程学报,2019,(1):76-84
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长江干线宜昌至武汉段航运发展对策分析
刘涛1, 彭东方1, 刘均卫2
1.长江航运发展研究中心,湖北武汉;2.长江勘测规划设计研究有限责任公司,湖北武汉
摘要:
依托黄金水道推动长江经济带发展是国家的重大战略举措,如何充分发挥长江主通道作用是长江经济带发展需要破解的重大命题。梳理了长江干线特别是中游航道、港口、船舶等航运要素的发展概况,认为中游航运发展存在着航道瓶颈制约、三峡船闸通过能力提升空间有限、港口服务体系需要完善、工程实施难度大等问题;分析了长江中游区域经济社会与综合交通发展趋势,结合宜昌至武汉段运输发展特点,预测了三峡断面及宜昌至武汉段不同水平年的水运量;提出了促进长江中游航运发展的对策建议,包括加快沿江综合交通立体走廊构建、提高中游航道网络化程度、加快航运中心建设、推进多式联运发展、加强相关基础研究等。
关键词:  水路运输  阶段性特征  运输需求  长江航运
DOI:
分类号:U692
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFC0402005)
Analysis of shipping development measures for Yichang to Wuhan section of Yangtze River mainstream
LIU Tao1, PENG Dongfang1, LIU Junwei2
1.Navigational Development & Research Center of Changjiang River, Wuhan;2.Changjiang Institute of Surwey, Planning, Design and Research Co., Ltd., Wuhan
Abstract:
Relying on the golden waterway to promote the development of the Yangtze River economic belt is a major strategic measure of China. Giving full play to the role of the main channel of the Yangtze River is a major proposition for the development of the Yangtze River economic belt. The development of the shipping elements such as navigation channels, ports and vessels in the Yangtze River, especially in the middle reaches, is reviewed in this paper. The analysis holds that there are some problems in the development of the middle reaches, such as the navigation channel bottleneck, the limited space for lock throughput capacity of the Three Gorges ship lock, the improvement of the port service system, and the difficulties of the implementation of some projects. Analyzing the development trend of regional economy and society and comprehensive transportation in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, and considering the characteristics of the transportation development in the Yichang-Wuhan section, the waterway transport volume in different years of the Three Gorges section and the Yichang-Wuhan section is predicted. Some measures and suggestions are put forward to promote the shipping development of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, including speeding up the construction of the three-dimensional comprehensive traffic corridor along the Changjiang River, improving the network level of the waterways of the middle reaches, speeding up the construction of the Wuhan shipping center, promoting the development of multi-modal joint transportation, and strengthening the related basic researches on the shipping development.
Key words:  waterway transportation  stage characteristics  transportation demand  Changjiang navigation
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