引用本文:宁逢伟,丁建彤,白银,杨森,雷英强.纳米级掺合料和粗合成纤维对湿喷混凝土回弹率的影响[J].水利水运工程学报,2019,(1):42-49
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纳米级掺合料和粗合成纤维对湿喷混凝土回弹率的影响
宁逢伟1, 丁建彤2, 白银1, 杨森2, 雷英强2
1.南京水利科学研究院 水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室,江苏南京;2.中国水利水电第七工程局有限公司,四川成都
摘要:
降低喷射混凝土回弹率可提高支护效率、降低地下空间的坍塌及岩爆风险。为分析纳米级掺合料、粗合成纤维对喷射混凝土回弹率的影响,基于湿喷工艺对比了纳米级掺合料与同掺量硅灰在改善湿喷混凝土回弹率方面的差异;比较了不同纳米级掺合料掺量、细度条件下各湿喷混凝土的回弹率区别;研究了粗合成纤维掺量、长径比、混杂方式等对回弹率的影响。结果表明:应用纳米级掺合料有助于降低湿喷混凝土的回弹率;与同掺量硅灰相比,纳米级掺合料湿喷混凝土的回弹率降低了17%~25%,且回弹率随纳米级掺合料掺量提高、细度增加而降低。粗合成纤维可降低湿喷混凝土的回弹率,但受材质影响较小,存在较低回弹率的最佳长径比和掺量,分别为38和10 kg/m3。长径比76和长径比30的2种粗合成纤维混杂使用时,可进一步降低回弹率。
关键词:  湿喷混凝土  回弹率  纳米级掺合料  粗合成纤维
DOI:
分类号:TU528
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFC0401610);国家自然科学基金资助项目(51739008);中央级公益性科研〖JP2〗院所基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(Y418008);中国水利水电第七工程局有限公司项目(2015-458-20)
Effect of nanometer scale admixture and macro synthetic fiber on the rebound rate of wet mix shotcrete
NING Fengwei1, DING Jiantong2, BAI Yin1, YANG Sen2, LEI Yingqiang2
1.State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing;2.Sinohydro Bureau 7 Corporation Limited, Chengdu
Abstract:
Reducing the rebound rate of shotcrete can promote the efficiency of support and reduce the risks of collapse and rock burst for underground openings. To evaluate the effect of nanometer scale admixture (NSA) and macro synthetic fiber (MSF) on the rebound rate of wet-mix shotcrete (WMS), rebound rates were compared with each other based on wet sprayed technology among WMS with different cementing compositions such as introducing NSA or silica fume. The contents and fineness of NSA were also investigated when taking rebound rate as the main subject. Contents, aspect ratios and hybrid ways of MSF were discussed, too. The results indicated that NSA could reduce the rebound rate of shotcrete. The rebound rate of WMS could be reduced by about 17% to 25% when silica fume was replaced by NSA totally. Besides, the rebound rate of WMS would further decrease with the increment of contents or fineness of NSA. Macro synthetic fiber had a part in reducing rebound rate. Although fiber nature had little effect on rebound rate, the aspect ratio and content of MSF couldn’t be ignored, and its best values were 38 and 10 kg/m3, respectively. In addition, the rebound rate could be further reduced when WMS was optimized with hybrid MSF consisting of two kinds of fibers, whose aspect ratios were 76 and 30.
Key words:  wet mix shotcrete  rebound rate  nanometer scale admixture  macro synthetic fiber
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