引用本文:丁勇,姚庆雄,关云飞,张振东,颜腾腾.基于侧向土压力确定冲淤深度的可行性研究[J].水利水运工程学报,2015,(1):47-52
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基于侧向土压力确定冲淤深度的可行性研究
丁勇1, 姚庆雄1, 关云飞2, 张振东3, 颜腾腾1
1.南京理工大学 土木工程系;2.南京水利科学研究院 水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室;3.淮海工学院 土木工程学院
摘要:
由于冲刷和淤积引起的结构物和航运安全问题,水下泥面的冲淤监测已经成为结构健康监测中的一项重要任务。对基于侧向土压力确定水下冲淤深度的方法进行可行性研究。该方法利用以光纤光栅作为传感元件的传感器,正面承受水土,背面承受水压力,通过测量正面和背面的压力差可以精确测量侧向土压力;由于水体中水平方向只有水压力,水体中水平方向由侧向土压力和孔隙水压力组成,因此通过若干只不同深度位置的传感探头,可计算出冲淤深度。该方法能实现实时反馈水工结构的冲淤情况,为水工结构安全运行提供可靠的数据支持。
关键词:  冲淤深度  侧向土压力  传感器  光纤光栅
DOI:
分类号:TP212.4+4;U442.3+2
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(30920130112008);海洋公益性行业科研专项经费资助项目(201005006)
Feasibility study of scour depth determination based on lateral soil pressure measurement
DING Yong1, YAO Qing-xiong1, GUAN Yun-fei2, ZHANG Zhen-dong3, YAN Teng-teng1
1.Department of Civil Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology;2.State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute;3.School of Civil Engineering, Huaihai Institute of Technology, Lianyungang
Abstract:
In view of safety aspects of hydraulic structures and waterways caused by erosion and siltation, underwater mud silting monitoring has become an important task in structural health monitoring. This paper introduces feasibility study of the scour depth determination based on lateral soil pressure measurement. Sensors which are made of FBG are used as the sensing element, whose front side is under soil pressure, and back side is under the water pressure. It can accurately monitor the lateral soil pressure by measuring the front and back pressure difference. The pressure in the horizontal direction is only water pressure in water, while it consists of lateral earth pressure and pore water pressure in soil. Therefore, it can calculates the scour and siltation depth according to the measured values given by the sensor probes placed at different depths and positions. The method can do feedback of erosion and siltation of the hydraulic structures in time during calculating analysis, and provide reliable data for the safe operation of hydraulic structures.
Key words:  change in scour and siltation depth  lateral soil pressure  sensor  fiber Bragg grating
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