引用本文:陆银军,假冬冬,万乾山,张幸农.平交口门区水动力特征试验研究[J].水利水运工程学报,2014,(3):32-36
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平交口门区水动力特征试验研究
陆银军1, 假冬冬2, 万乾山1, 张幸农2
1.江苏省水利勘测设计研究院有限公司;2.南京水利科学研究院 水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室
摘要:
平原河网地区河道纵横交错,平交口门区(“+”型交汇区)水流受交汇河道共同影响,水动力特征复杂。以新沟河三山港—武进港与京杭运河平交口门区为例,对其水动力特征进行了试验研究,并探讨了不同边界条件下的变化规律。受三山港吸流影响,京杭运河来流流至三山港口门时水流明显左偏并进入三山港,出现一定范围的横流区;受武进港出流顶托作用,位于武进港出口上游的运河右侧出现一较大范围的回流区,其范围随着武进港出流流速的减小而减小。河道边界对口门区水动力特征存在明显影响,流速较大一侧边界条件的改变对水动力特征的影响最明显。在类似平交口门区,需改变流速分布时,可优先考虑调整流速较大侧边界。
关键词:  平原河网  平交口门  水流特征  横向流速  试验研究
DOI:
分类号:TV147
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51109140;51109142)
Experimental studies on hydrodynamic characteristics in level crossing entrance area of the river confluence
LU Yin-jun1, JIA Dong-dong2, WAN Qian-shan1, ZHANG Xing-nong2
1.Jiangsu Surveying and Design Institute of Water Resources Co., Ltd.;2.State Key Laboratory of Hydrology Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute
Abstract:
Usually in the plain a river which has separated into a number of entwined channels called the plain river network areas, where the flow concentration region is a common occurrence. Hydrodynamic characteristics of flow structure in the level crossing entrance area (i.e. +-shaped river confluence) are very complex due to common impacts given by crossing river channels. In this study, model tests on the hydrodynamic characteristics of the flow structure have been carried out and the law of variation under different boundary conditions is investigated, taking the level crossing entrance, where the Sanshan port-Wujin port is located at the Xingou River across the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, as a study example. Affected by suction flow of the Sanshan port, the current obviously flows towards the left side and flows into the Sanshan port during the inflow from the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal to the Sanshan port entrance area, which results in a transverse-current area with in a certain range; affected by the Wujin port outflow′s backwater effect, the reverse current zone with a larger range appears along the right side of the Grand Canal located on the upstream outlet of the Wujin port, and the range of the reverse current zone decreases with the decrease of flow velocity from the Wujin port. The river channel boundaries have significant impacts upon the hydrodynamic characteristics of the entrance area and the change in the boundary conditions of the larger side where flow velocity is higher, which has the most obvious impacts upon the hydrodynamic characteristics. In the similar level crossing entrance area, regulation of the boundary conditions of the larger side where flow velocity is higher should taken into account when the velocity distribution is in need of change, especially for the boundary with larger flow velocity.
Key words:  plain river network areas  level crossing entrance (river confluence)  flow pattern  transverse velocity  experimental study
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