引用本文:秦尧,唐友刚,刘成义,刘浩宇,别社安.港珠澳大桥桥墩浮拖运输方案分析[J].水利水运工程学报,2013,(6):47-53
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港珠澳大桥桥墩浮拖运输方案分析
秦尧, 唐友刚, 刘成义, 刘浩宇, 别社安
天津大学 建筑工程学院, 水利工程仿真与安全国家重点实验室
摘要:
根据港珠澳大桥桥墩结构质量和尺度巨大的特点,提出了合理的装船运输方案.采用水动力分析软件,建立桥墩的三维质量模型、桥墩主体与半潜驳船的驳运联合体模型.基于势流理论计算船体受到的波浪荷载,分析联合体在海上拖航过程中的稳定性、运动响应,检验桥墩浮拖过程的稳定性.计算结果表明:不采用加固措施,横浪条件下桥墩的稳定性难以满足,浪向角不大于45°时满足拖航要求;采用侧向支墩及钢丝绳对桥墩局部加固,桥墩在所有浪向条件下均满足稳定性要求.
关键词:  桥墩浮拖  稳定性  运动响应  局部加固
DOI:
分类号:U661.3
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.51079097);国家自然科学基金创新研究群体科学基金资助项目(No51021004)
Analysis of floating transportation program of Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge piers
QIN Yao, TANG You-gang, LIU Cheng-yi, LIU Hao-yu, BIE She-an
School of Civil Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, Tianjin University
Abstract:
An analysis method on shipment and offshore transportation of Hong Kong Zhuhai Macao Bridge piers is studied and the reasonable transportation program is designed in this paper. According to the huge structure′s weight and scale, the shipment scheme is developed. A 3D mass model of bridge pier and transportation system model including bridge pier and barge is established with hydrodynamic software. By calculating wave loads on the barge based on potential flow theory, the stability and motion response analysis of the barge pier model is carried out, and the stability of bridge pier during offshore transportation is examined. The calculated results show that without partial reinforcement the stability requirement of bridge pier is difficult to meet under the action of transverse wave, and that transportation requirements are satisfied in the wave angle less than 45 degrees. The stability of the bridge pier during offshore transportation under all wave directions is satisfied through partial reinforcement with lateral buttress and wire rope.
Key words:  floating transportation of bridge pier  stability  motion response  partial reinforcement
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